The Continental Army, Appendices

Help me bring America back to God & God's Law!

★★★★ ENLIST HERE ★★★★

and get Prayers of John and Abigail Adams FREE!

* indicates required

Appendix A: U.S. Army Units Dating From the Revolution

[Not Included]

 

Appendix B: Department Commanders

 

Department
Commander
Dates of Command
Main Army George Washington Duration of war
Eastern Department Artemas Ward 4 Apr 1776-20 Mar 1777
William Heath 20 Mar 1777-7 Nov 1778
Horatio Gates 7 Nov 1778-Nov 1779
Northern Department (initially New York Department) Philip Schuyler 25 Jun 1775-19 Aug 1777
Horatio Gates 19 Aug 1777-17 Apr 1778
John Stark 17 Apr 1778-19 Oct 1778
Edward Hand 19 Oct 1778-20 Nov 1778
James Clinton 20 Nov 1778-25 Jun 1781
John Stark 25 Jun 1781-15 Oct 1781
William Alexander (Stirling) 15 Oct 1781-21 Nov 1781
John Stark 21 Nov 1781-29 Aug 1782
William Alexander (Stirling) 29 Aug 1782-15 Jan 1783
Southern Department Charles Lee 1 Mar 1776-9 Sep 1776
Robert Howe 9 Sep 1776-25 Sep 1778
Benjamin Lincoln 25 Sep 1778-13 Jun 1780
Horatio Gates 13 Jun 1780-31 Oct 1780
Nathanael Greene 31 Oct 1780-end of war
Western Department Edward Hand 10 Apr 1777-26 May 1778
Lachlan McIntosh 26 May 1778-20 Feb 1779
Daniel Brodhead 5 Mar 1779-24 Sep 1781
William Irvine 24 Sep 1781 -end of war
Highlands Department William Heath 12 Nov 1776-21 Dec 1776
Alexander McDougall 21 Dec 1776-12 May 1777
Israel Putnam 12 May 1777-16 Mar 1778
Alexander McDougall 16 Mar 1778-20 May 1778
Horatio Gates 20 May 1778-24 Nov 1778
Alexander McDougall 24 Nov 1778-27 Nov 1779
William Heath 27 Nov 1779-21 Feb 1780
Robert Howe (acting) 21 Feb 1780-21 Jun 1780
Alexander McDougall 21 Jun 1780-3 Aug 1780
Benedict Arnold 3 Aug 1780-25 Sep 1780
George Washington 25 Sep 1780-28 Sep 1780
Alexander McDougall 28 Sep 1780-5 Oct 1780
Nathanael Greene 5 Oct 1780-17 Oct 1780
William Heath 17 Oct 1780-11 May 1781
John Paterson (acting) 11 May 1781-24 Jun 1781
Alexander McDougall 24 Jun 1781-18 Jan 1782
William Heath 18 Jan 1782-24 Aug 1782
Henry Knox 24 Aug 1782-end of war
Canadian Department Richard Montgomery (provisional) 9 Dec 1775-31 Dec 1775
David Wooster (provisional) 31 Dec 1775-6 Mar 1776
Charles Lee 17 Feb 1776-1 Mar 1776 (never served)
John Thomas 6 Mar 1776-1 Jun 1776
John Sullivan 1 Jun 1776-2 Jul 1776
Horatio Gates Appointed 17 Jun 1776 but never served due to withdrawal of troops from department area

Appendix C: Principal Staff Officers

Office
Name
Dates
Adjutant General Horatio Gates 17 Jun 1775-5 Jun 1776
Joseph Reed 5 Jun 1776-13 Jan 1777
Vacant 14 Jan 1777-17 Jun 1777
Timothy Pickering 18 Jun 1777-5 Jan 1778
Alexander Scammell 5 Jan 1778-8 Jan 1781
Edward Hand 8 Jan 1781-end of war
Paymaster General James Warren 27 Jul 1775-19 Apr 1776
William Palfrey 27 Apr 1776-14 Dec 1780
John Pierce 17 Jan 1781-end of war
Mustermaster General Stephen Moylan 11 Aug 1775-7 Jun 1776
Gunning Bedford 18 Jun 1776-10 Apr 1777
Joseph Ward 10 Apr 1777-1 Mar 1780
Judge Advocate William Tudor 30 Jul 1775-10 Apr 1777
John Laurance 10 Apr 1777-3 Jun 1782
Vacant 4 Jun 1782-1 Oct 1782
Thomas Edwards 2 Oct 1782-end of war
Inspector General Thomas Conway (nominal) 13 Dec 1777-28 Apr 1778
Frederick Steuben 28 Mar 1778-end of war
Quartermaster General Thomas Mifflin 14 Aug 1775-7 Jun 1776
Stephen Moylan 7 Jun 1776-28 Sep 1776
Thomas Mifflin 28 Sep 1776-7 Nov, 1777
Vacant 8 Nov 1777-1 Mar 1778
Nathanael Greene 2 Mar 1778-5 Aug 1780
Timothy Pickering 5 Aug 1780-end of war
Commissary General of Purchases Joseph Trumbull 19 Jul 1775-18 Jun 1777
Joseph Trumbull 18 Jun 1777-5 Aug 1777
William Buchanan 5 Aug 1777-9 Apr 1778
Jeremiah Wadsworth 9 Apr 1778-2 Dec 1779
Ephraim Blaine 2 Dec 1779-Nov 1781
Commissary General of Issues Charles Stewart 18 Jun 1777-Nov 1781
Director General of Hospital Department Dr. Benjamin Church 27 Jul 1775-4 Oct 1775
Dr. John Morgan 17 Oct 1775-9 Jan 1777
Vacant 10 Jan 1777-9 Apr 1777
Dr. William Shippen 10 Apr 1777-3 Jan 1781
Dr. John Cochran 17 Jan 1781-end of war

Appendix D: Engagements

Engagement
Time Period
Area
Explanation
Siege of Boston 20 Apr 1775-17 Mar 1776 Eastern Massachusetts Operations relating to the British occupation of Boston
Invasion of Canada 4 Sep-31 Dec 1775 Canada Operations by Montgomery and Arnold through assault on Quebec
Chesapeake Bay 15 Sep 1775-31 Aug 1776 Chesapeake Bay and adjacent coastline regions Engagements with Lord Dunmore’s land and naval forces
Charleston 1775-1776 15 Sep 1775-28 Jun 1776 Coastal portions of the Carolinas and Georgia Engagements with land and naval forces of Royal governors and repulse of Clinton’s expedition
Southern Highlands 15 Sep 1775-24 Feb 1776 Interior portions of the Carolinas and Georgia Engagements with loyalist forces
Defense of Canada 1 Jan-2 Jul 1776 Canada Siege of Quebec after repulse of the assault and withdrawal from Canada
New York City 3 Apr-16 Nov 1776 Southern New York and Bergen County, New Jersey Operations relating to the British capture of Long, Staten, and Manhattan Islands
Lake Champlain 2 Jul-3 Nov 1776 Charlotte County, New York Carleton’s attack on Ticonderoga
Florida 1 Aug 1776-31 May 1777 Georgia south of Ossawba Sound and East Florida American invasions of East Florida and British counterattacks
Northern New Jersey 20 Nov 1776-26 Jun 1777 Staten Island and northern New Jersey Engagements from capture of Fort Lee to British withdrawal to start the invasion of Pennsylvania
Trenton – Princeton 8 Dec 1776-6 Jan 1777 Southern New Jersey Engagements from Washington’s retreat across the Delaware River to his encampment at Morristown
Rhode Island 26 Dec 1776-25 Oct 1779 Rhode Island Operations relating to the British occupation of Newport
Saratoga 18 Jun-17 Oct 1777 Albany and Charlotte Counties, New York Operations relating to Burgoyne’s campaign
Mohawk Valley 25 Jun-24 Aug 1777 Albany and Tryon Counties, New York Operations relating to St. Leger’s campaign
Defense of Philadelphia 25 Aug-19 Dec 1777 Eastern Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware Engagements from British landing at Head of Elk to Washington’s encampment at Valley Forge
Hudson Highlands 1-31 Oct 1777 Southern New York Operations relating to Clinton’s relief expedition
Philadelphia – Monmouth 20 Dec 1777-10 Jul 1778 Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey Operations relating to the British occupation of Philadelphia and withdrawal to Sandy Hook
Savannah 28 Nov 1778-15 Oct 1779 Georgia and South Carolina Operations relating to the British capture and defense of Savannah and coastal South Carolina
Charleston 1780 10 Feb-29 May 1780 South Carolina Siege of Charleston and related occupation of South Carolina through the battle of Waxhaws
Defense of the Carolinas 30 May 1780-14 Feb 1781 The Carolinas Operations under Gates and Greene to the withdrawal across the Dan
Yorktown 30 Dec 1780-19 Oct 1781 Virginia Siege of Yorktown and preliminaries beginning with Arnold’s Raid
Greene’s Campaign 15 Feb 1781-14 Dec 1782 The Carolinas and Georgia Greene’s reconquest of the South

 

The Continental Army (Kindle Edition)

by Robert K. Wright, Jr.

The Story of the NCO Corps: The Backbone of the Army The Continental Army

by Robert K. Wright, Jr.