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The Continental Army, Preface and Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter
Page
1. THE ARMY OF OBSERVATION: NEW ENGLAND IN ARMS
3
Warfare in the Eighteenth Century
3
Colonial Military Experience
5
The Coming of the Revolution
8
Massachusetts Acts
11
Formation of a New England Army
15
Summary
19
2. THE CONTINENTAL ARMY: WASHINGTON AND THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
21
Adoption of the Army
21
Selection of Commanders
25
Washington Takes Command
29
The War Spreads to Canada
40
Summary
43
3. THE CONTINENTAL REGIMENTS OF 1776: BOSTON AND QUEBEC
45
Washington’s Unified Reorganization
45
The Canadian Department
56
Summary
65
4. AN ARMY TRULY CONTINENTAL: EXPANDING PARTICIPATION
67
The Southern Colonies
67
The Middle Colonies
76
The Departments and the Main Army
82
Summary
89
5. AN ARMY FOR THE WAR: 1777
91
The Eighty-Eight Battalion Resolve
91
Trenton and Princeton
94
Rounding out the Army
98
Fielding the New Army
107
Summary
119
6. PROFESSIONALISM: NEW INFLUENCES FROM EUROPE
121
Valley Forge
121
Foreign Advisers
128
The Contributions of Steuben
137
The Reorganization of 1778- 79 in Practice
146
Summary
151
7. PERSEVERANCE TO VICTORY
153
Economy and the 1781 Reorganization
153
Triumph at Yorktown
165
The Road to Newburgh
171
Peace
179
Concluding Remarks
182
LINEAGES (Note:  Not Currently Included)
195
New Hampshire
197
Massachusetts
203
Rhode Island
227
Connecticut
233
New York
247
New Jersey
255
Pennsylvania
259
Delaware
273
Maryland
277
Virginia
283
North Carolina
299
South Carolina
305
Georgia
313
Canada
317
Extra and Additional Continental Regiments
319
Miscellaneous Units
329
Artillery
335
Light Dragoons, Partisan Corps, and Legionary Corps
345
BIBLIOGRAPHY [NOTE: Not Included]
355
Appendix
A. U.S. Army Units Dating From the Revolution[NOTE: Not Included (out of date)]
429
B. Department Commanders
431
C. Principal Staff Officers
432
D. Engagements
433
GLOSSARY
435
INDEX [NOTE: Not Included]
441

 
Tables
 

No.
1. Infantry Regiments 1775
13
2. 1775 Officers Willing To Serve in 1776
51
3. Regiments, 1776
69
4. Distribution of Regiments 1777
93
5. 1781 Quotas
157

 
Charts
 

No.
Page
1. Massachusetts Artillery Regiment 1775
14
2. Infantry Regiment 1776
47
3. British Infantry Regiment 25 August 1775
48
4. Artillery Regiment 1776
53
5. South Carolina Artillery Regiment 12 November 1775
73
6. Hesse-Cassel Infantry Regiment 1776
95
7. Light Dragoon Regiment 1777
107
8. Infantry Regiment 27 May 1778
127
9. Light Dragoon Regiment 27 May 1778
128
10. Infantry Regiment Deployed in Two Battalions 1779
143
11. Infantry Regiment 1781
158
12. Artillery Regiment 1781
159
13. Legionary Corps 1781
160
14. Partisan Corps 1781
161

 
Maps
(Only the First One Currently Included)
 

Territorial Departments
83
New Hampshire
196
Massachusetts
202
Rhode Island
228
Connecticut
232
New York
246
New Jersey
254
Pennsylvania
260
Delaware
274
Maryland
276
Virginia
284
North Carolina
298
South Carolina
306
Georgia
312
Canada
316

 
Illustrations
(Not Currently Included)
 

They Scrambled up the Parapet (Frontispiece)
Timothy Pickering
9
Artemas Ward
12
John Adams
23
Otho Holland Williams
24
Horatio Gates
27
Nathanael Greene
28
Boston, July 1775
30
General Return, Main Army, 19 July 1775
31
Pay Roll
33
Muster Roll
34
Thomas Mifflin
37
Marinus Willett
43
James Mitchell Varnum
52
Henry Knox
54
Philip Van Cortlandt
61
Benjamin Franklin
63
Second Embarkation, New London, 1776
64
Thomas Sumter
74
Lachlan McIntosh
76
Commission of Alexander Spotswood
77
Anthony Wayne
79
William Smallwood
80
The Declaration of Independence
86
George Clinton
88
General Return, Main Army, 22 December 1776
96
George Baylor
97
David Forman
101
Thomas Forrest
103
John Eager Howard
111
John Laurens
115
Elias Boudinot
116
Henry Dearborn
117
Marie- Paul-Joseph- Roch-Yves-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette
123
Oath of Allegiance of Benedict Arnold
124
Louis le Begue de Presle Duportail
129
Thaddeus Kosciuszko
130
Casimir Pulaski
133
Benjamin Flower
135
Henri Bouquet
138
Jean-Baptiste, chevalier de Temant
140
Enlistment Form of Private Shafer
144
Benjamin Lincoln
148
Johannes de Kalb
155
Charles Tuffin Armand, marquis de la Rouerie
162
Joseph Reed
164
Arthur St. Clair
166
Henry Lee
168
William Washington
169
Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau
171
General Return, Main Army, 27 October 1781
172
Robert Morris
173
Monthly Return, Main Army, June 1782
174
The Resignation of Washington
181
Size Roll
185
Newburgh, May 1783
353

 

———-

The following color illustrations appear between pages 187 and 194:

The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Death of General Warren at Bunker Hill

Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec

The Retreat Through the Jerseys

Capture of the Hessians at Trenton

The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton

Attack Upon the Chew House

The Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga

The Meeting of Greene and Gates

Guilford Court House, 15 March 1781

Thomas Shubrick

Morgan Lewis

Jacob Kingsbury

Jacob Reed, Jr.

Henry Henley Chapman

William Trueman Stoddard

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown

Frederick Wihelm Augustus von Steuben

Illustrations courtesy of the following sources: p. 135 from the Star-Spangled Banner Flag House Association; pp. 138 and 162 from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania; p. 101 from the Permanent Collection, the Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Mass.; p. 63 from the American Philosophical Society; pp. 43 and 88 from the Art Commission of the City of New York; p. 97 and between pp. 187 and 194 from the Anderson House Museum of the Society of the Cincinnati (photographs by Sgt. Jim Moore, 50th Military History Detachment); the frontispiece and between pp. 187 and 194 from the Delaware Art Museum, Howard Pyle Collection; pp. 9, 12, 23, 24, 27, 28, 37, 52, 54, 61, 74, 76, 79, 80, 103, 111, 115, 116, 117, 123, 129, 130, 133, 140, 148, 155, 164, 166, 168, 169, 171, 173, and between pp. 187 and 194 from the Independence National Historical Park Collection; and p. 86 and between pp. 187 and 194 are copyright the Yale University Art Gallery. The documents on pp. 31, 33, 34, 77, 96, 124, 144, 172, 174, and 185 are from Record Group 93, National Archives. Illustrations on pp. 30, 64, and between pp. 187 and 194 are from the Army Art Collection. The line art on pp. 328, 334, and 344 is by William S. Ballou, Typography and Design Division, U.S. Government Printing Office.

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