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James Madison’s First Inaugural Address

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Introduction Chief Justice John Marshall administered the oath of office in the Hall of the House of Representatives (now National Statuary Hall). Subsequently the oath by Presidents-elect, with few exceptions, was taken in the House Chamber or in a place of the Capitol associated with the Congress as a whole. The Vice Presidential oath of…

Federalist No 63, The Senate, Continued

For the Independent Journal Saturday, March 1, 1788 To the People of the State of New York: A FIFTH desideratum, illustrating the utility of a senate, is the want of a due sense of national character. Without a select and stable member of the government, the esteem of foreign powers will not only be forfeited…

Federalist No 62, The Senate

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For the Independent Journal Wednesday, February 27, 1788 To the People of the State of New York: HAVING examined the constitution of the House of Representatives, and answered such of the objections against it as seemed to merit notice, I enter next on the examination of the Senate. The heads into which this member of…

Federalist No 58, Objection That The Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented…

…as the Progress of Population Demands Considered For the Independent Journal Wednesday, February 20, 1788 To the People of the State of New York: THE remaining charge against the House of Representatives, which I am to examine, is grounded on a supposition that the number of members will not be augmented from time to time,…