Category Archives: 1781-01-17 Cowpens

Frances Marion, Personal Correspondence, Jan. 1781

Gen. Marion to Capt. John Postell. Goddard’s Plantation,1 Pedee, Jan. 19, 1781. Dear Sir, I send Lieut. King with fifteen men, to reinforce you. I would have all the flats and boats you can collect, loaded with rice, and sent to Mr. Joseph Allston’s plantation, on Bull’s creek, to the north of Pedee, where there is a ferry to Euhaney; and the rice is to be there stored, and the boats kept going until all that is beat out in your district is carried. From there I will send for it up higher. You must take such negroes for the boats as belong to those persons who may be with the enemy, or from those estates which the enemy think forfeited. … Continue reading

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Thomas Jefferson to General Horatio Gates

Richmond, February 17, 1781. Dear General, The situation of affairs here and in Carolina is such as must shortly turn up important events, one way or the other. By letter from General Greene, dated Guilford Court House, February the 10th, I learn that Lord Cornwallis, rendered furious by the affair of the Cowpens and the surprise of Georgetown, had burned his own wagons, to enable himself to move with facility, had pressed on to the vicinity of the Moravian towns, and was still advancing: The prisoners taken at the Cowpens were saved by a hair’s-breadth accident, and Greene was retreating. His force, two thousand regulars, and no militia; Cornwallis, three thousand. General Davidson was killed in a skirmish. Arnold lies … Continue reading

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Jefferson to His Excellency Gen Washington

Richmond, February 17, 1781. Sir, By a letter from General Greene, dated Guilford Court House, February 10th, we are informed that Lord Cornwallis had burned his own wagons in order to enable himself to move with greater facility, and had pressed immediately on. The prisoners taken at the Cowpens, were happily saved by the accidental rise of a water-course, which gave so much time as to withdraw them from the reach of the enemy. Lord Cornwallis had advanced to the vicinities of the Moravian towns, and was still moving on rapidly. His object was supposed to be to compel General Greene to an action, which, under the difference of force they had, would probably be ruinous to the latter. General … Continue reading

Posted in 1780-12-16 Boyd's Creek, 1781-01-03 to 01-20 Arnold's Expedition, 1781-01-17 Cowpens, Native Americans, Revolutionary America, Thomas Jefferson | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Battle of the Cowpens

From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859. January 17.—This morning, after a very severe action, General Morgan, with a detachment of the southern army, obtained a complete victory over Colonel Tarleton at the Cowpens, with eleven hundred and fifty men, the flower of Cornwallis’s army. Tarleton, that enterprising, though inhuman young officer, advanced to the attack about sunrise. General Morgan was apprised of his approach, and had time to form his troops in a manner which would have done honor to the most experienced general. His whole force, including the Georgia, South and North Carolina militia, amounted to but eight hundred men. The conflict was severe, and the Americans at first … Continue reading

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Francis Marion, Chapter III, Campaign of 1781, part 1

The year 1781 commenced under auspices more propitious than those of the last year. The British had exercised so much oppression and rapacity over all those who would not join them, and so much insolence over those who did, and were in the least suspected, that the people of South Carolina found there was no alternative but between a state of downright vassalage and warfare. Most of the men of principle already had, or were prepared to take up arms against the enemy, and in general the unprincipled only remained with them in the expectation of plunder. Their army too, being divided into different cantonments over the country, while it extended their oppression, exposed their weakness. The history of all … Continue reading

Posted in 1781-01-17 Cowpens, 1781-01-23 Georgetown, 1781-02-20 Fort Granby, 1781-04-15 Fort Watson, 1781-05-08 to 05-12 Fort Motte, 1781-05-09 Orangeburgh, 1781-05-15 Fort Granby, 1781-08-31 Parker's Ferry, African Americans, Banastre Tarleton, Brigadier General Francis Marion, Francis Marion, Heroes, Native Americans, Revolutionary America | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment