The Continental Army, Chapter I

The Army of Observation: New England in Arms On 19 April 1775 local Massachusetts militiamen and regular British troops began the War of American Independence at Lexington and Concord. The New England colonists reacted to this news by raising four separate armies. Each jurisdiction formed its force according to its particular experience in earlier wars …

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The Battle of Camden, Part I

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PART IAN AMERICAN ARMY ORGANIZED TO RECOVER THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA FROM BRITISH SUBJUGATIONREVIEW OF MILITARY CONDITIONS IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1780The principal battle grounds of the first four years of the War for Independence, waged by the thirteen Colonies against the mother country, were located in the Northern States, following which period, …

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Hathaway and Smith’s Adventure – Simsbury Mines

From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859. June 6.—This day arrived at New York, Ebenezer Hathaway and Thomas Smith, who, on the 18th of May last, made their escape from Simsbury Mines,1 after a most gallant struggle for their liberty. These men declare, that they were …

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British Account of the Operations in Jersey – British Account of Mrs. Caldwell’s Death

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From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859. A British officer gives the following account of the recent operations of the royal army in New Jersey:—”On Tuesday night, (6th,) the British troops made their first landing upon Elizabethtown meadows, and were crossed over by divisions in succession …

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Knyphausen’s Attack on Connecticut Farms – Murder of Mrs. Caldwell

From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859. June 9.—Last Tuesday night, (6th,) between eleven and twelve o’clock, a body of the British, commanded by General Knyphausen in person, landed at Elizabethtown Point, in Jersey, who, being timely discovered by the American guards, gave the troops that …

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